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English for Specific Purposes World

ISSN 1682-3257

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Needs Analysis and Situational Analysis: Designing an ESP Curriculum for Thai Nurses

Josiane Gass
Payap University


This paper describes the needs analysis and situational analysis for designing an ESP curriculum for Thai nurses. The study was based on a needs and situational analysis of the target group. The expanding medical tourism industry in Thailand conflicts with nurses who are not comfortable communicating practically in English. Their predominant needs included speaking and listening skills and vocabulary related to the field, which would allow them to develop a higher quality of service. The study was based on quantitative and qualitative data including needs analysis questionnaire, situational analysis – observation and nurses’, patients’ and hospital’s director’s interview.

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